Brief History of Historically Black Colleges & Universities

The History of Historically Black Colleges & Universities

An HBCU is an institution whose principal mission was and is the education of black Americans. However, the enrollment policy is racially inclusive. According to the United Negro College Fund, there are 105 historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) across the nation. Prior to the time of their establishment, and for many years afterwards, blacks were generally denied admission to traditionally white institutions. As a result, HBCUs became the principle means for providing post-secondary education to black Americans. Prior to the Civil War, there was no structured higher education system for black students. Public policy and certain statutory provisions prohibited the education of blacks in various parts of the nation. The few who did receive schooling, often studied in informal and sometimes hostile settings. Some were forced to teach themselves entirely.

The Institute for Colored Youth, the first higher education institution for blacks was started in the early 1830s by a group of Philadelphia Quakers then moved to Cheyney, Pennsylvania in 1837. It was followed by two other black institutions–Lincoln University, in Pennsylvania (1854), and Wilberforce University, in Ohio (1856).

In 1862, senator Justin Morrill spearheaded a movement to improve the state of public higher education throughout the United States, putting an emphasis on the need for institutions to train Americans in the applied sciences, agriculture, and engineering. The Morrill Land-Grant Act gave federal lands to the states for the purpose of opening colleges and universities to educate farmers, scientists, and teachers. Although many such institutions were created, few were open or inviting to blacks, particularly in the South.

It would be 28 years before Senator Morrill rectified this problem. The solution came with the second Morrill Land-Grant Act of 1890, which specified that states using federal land-grant funds must either make their schools open to both blacks and whites or allocate money for segregated black colleges to serve as an alternative to white schools. Sixteen exclusively black institutions received 1890 land-grant funds.

HBCUs have played an historical role in enhancing equal educational opportunities for all students. HBCUs are leading institutions in awarding baccalaureate degrees to black students in the life sciences, physical sciences mathematics, and engineering. HBCUs continue to rank high in terms of the proportion of graduates who pursue and complete graduate and professional training. Fifty percent of black faculty in traditionally white research universities received their bachelor’s degrees at an HBCU. HBCUs continue to be a vital resource in the nation’s educational system. HBCUs are not only an important part of America’s history, but also an important part of America’s future.

 

 

http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/hq9511.html

http://www.collegeview.com/articles/article/the-history-of-historically-black-colleges-and-universities

http://www.uncf.org/sections/MemberColleges/SS_AboutHBCUs/about.hbcu.asp

 

2016 Spring Semester Events

Check out the 2016 Semester Programs/Events:

SAT Preparation Class
Preparation for the new S.A.T. begins January 30, 2016 with a diagnostic test from 9:00-1:00p.m. Breakfast is at 8:30a.m. The first class meeting is Tuesday, February 2 from 5:00 – 7:30p.m. Typically classes are from 5:00-8:00p.m. Refreshments are served 30 minutes before each class and test.

Tutoring
The tutoring program will resume for the spring semester on Saturday, February 6th. Available time slots at 10:00-11:00a.m  and 11:00-12:00p.m. Parents/students may reserve both for an extended session or cover multiple subjects.

Reading Adventures with the Deltas
This monthly reading program will resume on Saturday, February 6th. The program runs from 10:00a.m. – 12:00p.m. Children in grades 1-5 enjoy a variety of activities designed to enhance literacy skills and encourage a love of reading.

Pre-STEM club STEAM activity
The club will meet at the NJ State Museum Planetarium on February 6th.  All YSI participants and their friends are welcome to join us for the 2:00p.m. show. The fee is $7 adult; $5 child (twelve & under) Groups of 15 or more: $5 per person. You are welcomed to visit the State museum afterward (free admission). E-mail us to arrange the group pricing.

College Tours
Three college tours are scheduled. A one-day tour on February 15 (Presidents’ Day) which features tours at Rowan University and Delaware State University. Eighth through twelfth grade students are welcomed. A one-day tour on February 27 to Princeton University includes a college students panel, a campus tour and lunch at a campus dining facility. Students in grades eight-ten are encourage to attend. A five-day tour from March 28-April 2 includes universities in Georgia and Alabama as well as historical sites. This tour is for ninth through 12 grade students.

Broadway play: The Color Purple
A day trip to New York City on March 19. Enjoy the play including Trenton native Carrie (James) Petit Compere, round-trip transportation and a light meal.

College Admission, Financial Aid and Career Planning Workshop
The workshop is scheduled for April 23, 2016. This highly popular all-day event features experts in these areas and much more information to de-mystify the college planning process. Breakfast and lunch will be served.

Check here again for more.

College Admissions Workshop

FREE for 8th – 12th grade students and their parents

Saturday, December 5, 2015          

9:00a.m. to 12:00p.m. Breakfast/sign-in 8:30 a.m.

As an education partner, we help you navigate the college admissions, financial aid and scholarship application process.  Our workshops can demystify the  oftentimes overwhelming task of preparing  and paying for college.

We look forward to seeing you there.

Pre-School Program is Hiring

11/20/2015

Three positions are available under the Pre-school program:

Custodian
full-time

Minimum qualifications:
High school diploma

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Family Worker
part-time

Minimum qualifications:
High school diploma

===========================

Teacher Assistant
part-time

Minimum qualifications:
High school diploma

Required background checks and proof of US citizenship or legal resident alien status for all positions.

Please forward your resume with a letter of interest to info@youngscholarsoftrenton.org and indicate the position you are applying for in the subject line.
-No phone calls, please.-

Young Scholars’ Institute is an equal opportunity employer.

Download the flyer Job vacancy 11 2015

 

 

November 2015 College Tour

Departure Date is November 4.

FINAL PAYMENTS DUE SOON!

If you have not done so,

ATTEND THE MANDATORY INFORMATION MEETING ON OCTOBER 29th (6:30P) FOR IMPORTANT DETAILS AND DETAILED ITINERARY.

High School students enjoy information sessions and campus visits to academically competitive school, schools with strong athletic programs and historically black schools. The visit culminates with the homecoming football game and festivities at Shaw University. This year, Shaw is celebrating its 150th anniversary; it has a rich history. Shaw University is the birthplace of SNCC (Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee), the student-lead civil rights organization.

All high school students are welcome. The tour departs Trenton and visits campuses in Virginia and North Carolina.

The tour features and en-route curriculum which includes information about the school, prominent alumni and the city in which it is located. Motivational prose and poetry are part of the curriculum also. The cost includes motor coach transportation, most meals, hotel accommodations, football game tickets, cultural activities and entertainment.

info@youngscholarsoftrenton.org

College Tour, November 2015

FINAL PAYMENTS DUE SOON!

If you have not done so,

ATTEND THE MANDATORY INFORMATION MEETING ON OCTOBER 29th (6:30P) FOR IMPORTANT DETAILS AND DETAILED ITINERARY.

High School students enjoy information sessions and campus visits to academically competitive school, schools with strong athletic programs and historically black schools. The visit culminates with the homecoming football game and festivities at Shaw University. This year, Shaw is celebrating its 150th anniversary; it has a rich history. Shaw University is the birthplace of SNCC (Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee), the student-lead civil rights organization.

All high school students are welcome. The tour departs Trenton and visits campuses in Virginia and North Carolina.

The tour features and en-route curriculum which includes information about the school, prominent alumni and the city in which it is located. Motivational prose and poetry are part of the curriculum also. The cost includes motor coach transportation, most meals, hotel accommodations, football game tickets, cultural activities and entertainment.

info@youngscholarsoftrenton.org

Automotive Engineer is Pre-STEM Speaker

Teritius Fortune presented great information about designing, and building his car as well as starting his own company. Young Scholars’ Institute thanks Mr. Fortune for flying in from Atlanta and make the opportunity to give back to his hometown. We are humbled to have him speak to our club.

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The club meeting is on Saturday, October 3, 2015 10:a.m. – 12:00p.m. (1st Saturday of each month).

Teritius Fortune graduated from Trenton Central High School and joined the United States Army where he studied biomedical equipment technology. Shortly thereafter, became a light wheeled vehicle mechanic. In this latter capacity, he was stationed in Germany where his passion for automobiles was fanned as he restored Porsches and hatched the idea of building sports cars. In pursuit of this goal, he left the Army, went back to college and earned a bachelor of science in automotive engineering technology from Minnesota State University, Mankato.

He then moved to Atlanta where he worked for Elan Motorsports Technologies, a company that has experience building vehicles for the 24 Hours of Le Mans and the Indy 500. Next he worked for BBS, a world-renowned wheel company that supplies rolling stock for such makes as Aston Martin, Ferrari, and Porsche. Mr. Fortune is now working full time launching FortuneSport, a small volume automotive manufacturer based in Atlanta.

He chose the engineering field because it enables him to exploit a number of his talents including programming, drafting, drawing, and cars.

Visit www.fortunesport.net to view details on the vehicle he designed and built.

Program Registration

YSI program registration is open. Visit us during our open house on week days from 10:00a.m. to 6:00p.m. and Saturdays from 10:00p.m. to 12:00p.m. to complete the registration forms. You may also contact us at info@youngscholarsoftrenton.org to make arrangements for registration and payment.